150 students, split into three groups of fifty, were each shown a clip of a multiple car accident. Research into EWT is therefore vital, as it helps further understanding of how memory works, especially as to how inaccurate … Every year hundreds of defendants are convicted on little more than the say-so of a fellow citizen. Participants watched a short video of a car crash and were then asked how fast the car… ...Discuss factors affecting the accuracy of eyewitness testimony.There are factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony such as emotions, fundamental attribution bias, face recognition in other races, leading questions and many more. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. legally important event) and later gets up on the stand and recalls for the court all the details of the witnessed event In fact, a study by Yuille and Cutshall (1986) showed that misleading information and leading questions did not change the perception of those who had witnessed a real life bank robbery. The psychological effects of smoking cessation, Five Ways to Help Teens Recover from Addiction, psysci is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com and amazon.co.uk. They concluded that eyewitness testimony is much less accurate than we'd think. How do we remember? In "Eyewitness Testimony," Elizabeth Loftus makes the psychological case against the eyewitness. How reliable is eyewitness testimony given during court cases? this early work is reviewed in my aforementioned book on eyewitness testimony (Loftus 1979)]. Participants who were asked the "smashed" question thought the cars were going faster than those who were asked the "hit" question. Eyewitness Testimony provides a sobering counterpoint to today's theatrical reliance on eyewitness accounts in the media, and should be required reading for trial lawyers, psychologists, jurors, and anyone who considers the chilling prospect of confronting an eyewitness accusation in a court of law. Beginning with the basics of eyewitness fallibility, such as poor viewing conditions, brief exposure, and stress, Loftus moves to more subtle factors, such as expectations, biases, and personal stereotypes, all of which can intervene to create erroneous reports. However, their memories of the event were not affected. ‘I saw it with my own eyes, I can tell you exactly what happened.’ This statement carries a lot of weight when we are trying to find out about an event. The second experiment conducted was relatively similar to the first. 150, all students, no details of age or gender, Participants watched a clip of a car crash. Each group was asked a particular question utilizing a verb (smashed, collided, bumped, hit, contacted) after having watched a video of a car accident. Elizabeth Loftus is a memory researcher. 7 reported seeing broken glass and 43 said they did not. That people tend to overestimate time and speed in complex situations, To test whether phrasing of questions about car accidents could possibly alter participants' memory of the event, Someone who has seen an event such as crime or accident, An account given by witnesses to the police and the court, To test whether phrasing of questions, particularly the verb used, may alter particpants' memory, 45 students from university with no details of age or gender, The verb used - hit/smashed/contacted/collided, Describe what was shown to participants in experiment 1, 7 films of traffic accidents were presented in random order to each group, How many conditions were there in experiment 1, 5, participants only experienced one each. Beginning with the basics of eyewitness fallibility, such as poor viewing conditions, brief exposure, and stress, Loftus moves to more subtle factors, such as expectations, biases, and personal stereotypes, all of which can intervene to create erroneous reports. amzn_assoc_linkid = "39b72e6b43120d1ce62e626376a44183"; Although psychologists have suspected for decades that an eyewitness can be highly unreliable, new evidence leaves no doubt that juries vastly overestimate the credibility of eyewitness accounts. The smashed group were more likely to report seeing broken glass. amzn_assoc_asins = "B00CXU34W6,0674287770,1468463403,1461455464"; Loftus and Palmer believed that leading questions could affect recall in those asked to provide eyewitness testimony, and their particular aim was to test whether leading questions would affect recall of the speed of a car and cause people to misremember other details (particularly the presence of broken glass) during a traffic accident. 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