From then until noon we distribute the time left among 'Lectio', study and work. - Previous to admission, our Statutes advise us to "consult experienced doctors, who are familiar with our way of life. Our Statutes join this long monastic tradition that considers the cell as the ante-chamber of heaven¨ «This is holy ground, a place where, as a man with his friend, the Lord and his servant often speak together; there is the faithful soul frequently united with the Word of God; there is the bride made one with her spouse; there is earth joined to heaven, the divine to the human». This is our clearest identity mark and our specific charisma. - It is a spiritual process that we find already described in the spirituality of the Fathers of the Desert that initiated eremitic and cenobitic life in Egipt and Palestine: Anthony, Pacomio, Eutimia, Hillarie and many others. The formation of a Carthusian begins with 6 to 12 months of postulancy, where the postulant lives the life of a monk but without having professed any kind of vows. Then, after praying None, time is devoted to manual work, until Vespers. - Usually, the cathusian novice starts his training through the ways of "Lectio divina". Carthusian order (n.) 1. an austere contemplative Roman Catholic order founded by St. Bruno in 1084. définition (complément) voir la définition de Wikipedia. Now in the stillness, in the interior silence that invade her spirit, sentiments of adoration, gratitude and joy become almost connatural to her soul. - Although there might be slight differences from one house to another, we usually get up at eleven forty-five p.m. At that time the tower bell summons Carthusians to prayer. All the nuns participate in the work of the house, either in cell or in the obediences. Carthusian nuns. The name Carthusian is derived . The nuns have never been numerous. It is true, though that our rather feeble nature is renewed and finds new life in such perspectives, wearied by its spiritual pursuits and austere mode of life. - To go deeper into Carthusian spirituality in order to help the aspirant to discern her vocation. - Is there any special ceremony at the beginning of the Postulancy? He leads all who choose to be free for him to discover his love and his joy. Removal from the world and absence of news and pastimes. - Our place in the Church is what is traditionally referred to as "contemplative life". - Our Statutes say that: « if, in a particular case, or with the passage of time, a nun finds that any of the aforesaid observances is beyond her strength, and that she is hindered rather than helped in the following of Christ, let her in a filial spirit arrange some suitable measure of relaxation with the Prioress, at least for a time». - Disillusionments of life, ... the wish for a quiet existence, with no problems..., and, in general any selfish motives. When that text no longer says anything to you or distraction supervenes, you turn to read another little fragment of the Holy Scripture and let it sink in the heart. Towards 1145, a community of nuns in Prebayon, at the South of France, felt attracted to the genre of life of the Charterhouse and decide to adopt the "Customs" of the monks. The study and writing desk in the reconstructed monk’s cell at Mount Grace Priory. The pictures will show you the places where we live. They were the Order's first converse Brothers. The Charterhouse of the Transfiguration is the only Carthusian monastery in North America. - Then, has this importance that the Charterhouse gives to solitude, any repercussion on the Order's juridical structure? - So the day starts at eleven forty-five for Carthusian nuns. The Carthusian nun has consecrated herself to God in a sublime act. Every time the Carthusian nun enters her cell, she prays an Ave Maria. -Adaptation to our kind of life requires time and prudence. Back at our cells we pray Lauds from the Virgin's Office; then we go to bed with no further delay. In fact, the only valid motive is the search for everlasting values, the search of God, if not clearly defined, known at least by a sort of intuition. - After solemn profession, nuns who wish it may receive the virginal Consecration. - Being more precise, which is the essential quality that is required to enter? - How do you mean when you say that Saint Bruno was not the founder but just the "initiator" of the Charterhouse? God begins, instead, to be felt as the only one who can satisfy the deep realms of the spirit. -Generally, if God grants the novice the grace of a contemplative experience, no matter how simple and brief it might be, she will be already prepared to overcome the moments of discouragement, dryness and crisis that aren't usually scarce, especially during the time of noviciate. The nun sees in them the favourable climate for his eremitic vocation but she knows very well that this is neither everything nor even the main thing. These Offices are the strong moments of the day for which nuns abandon their cells and go to the church. - Regarding will power what are your requirements? In the Priorship of St. Antheim, about 1245, the nuns of the ancient Abbey of Prébayon asked to be received into the order, and Blessed John of Spain, Prior of Montrieux, was ordered to adapt the Carthusian Rule to their needs. - If the age is not much above 35 years, permission can possibly be granted, but after that age adaptation to Carthusian observances turns out to be more difficult. - Minimum age for admission is 20 years, but it is advisable to wait until 23 -24 years to attain a certain human maturity. We live an eremitic, contemplative, sacrificial life, as provided under Canon 603, in the silence of solitude, separated from the world (in order to be more present to its spiritual needs), and consecrated by public vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. ". Our Order considers them sufficient and with a great sense of prudence, formally commands that« No one is to indulge in penitential practices over and above those prescribed by the Statutes without the knowledge and approval of the Prioress ». - It certainly is. The rite differs but slightly from that given in the "Pontifical". Carthusian nuns are not hermits, and their life includes a share of community life, refectory and recreation on … Although Carthusians pray a large part of the Divine Office alone in their cells, they know that theirs is not an individual, solitary voice lost in the immensity of the world, but Christ's prayer itself and the prayer of the whole Church too, because in the liturgy, Christ, as our Head, prays within us in a way that allows us to recognise our voices in Him and His voice in us. Nowadays, medical examinations are considered necessary before the Noviciate and Profession. In any case, the Prioress takes care to give the nuns those news that wouldn't be right for them to ignore so that the Community may present to the Lord the needs of mankind. As of March 2020. Student and later Canon and Rector of the famous Cathedral School of Reims, France, he retreated together with six companions to a solitary and hidden spot in the Alps of the Dauphiné, called Chartreuse, at about thirty kilometres from Grenoble. This is a list of Carthusian monasteries or charterhouses, containing both extant and dissolved monasteries of the Carthusian Order for monks and nuns, arranged by location under their present countries.. - There aren't because Vatican Council II eliminated all those differences that were not essential to Carthusian vocation which is basically the same one. (Jn 1, 38-39). In the twelfth century, the nuns of Prébayon in Provence decided to adopt the Carthusian rule of life. Should this pillar of contemplative prayer be lacking, the vocation would be permanently exposed to discouragement, to the unsteadiness of moody feelings, to the weariness, dryness and lack of enthusiasm for things of the spirit, that usually are in the roots of most desertions of monastic life. He didn't even reside long in the hermitage of Chartreuse. There is a meal at noon, which consists of legumes, fish or eggs and dessert. To the praise of the glory of God, Christ, the Father’s Word, has through the Holy Spirit, from the beginning chosen certain men and women, whom he willed to lead into solitude and unite to himself in intimate love. There still stand the headquarters House of the Order. It is the moment in which the Church ratifies God's call accepting the gift of herself that the young profess makes to God. you will see where he stays, and where he wishes you to be with him. - I mean that Saint Bruno did not write any monastic Rule. Our present Statutes also use it. Saint Bruno died at Saint Mary of the Tower in 1101. The order has its own rule, called the Statutes, and their life combines both eremitical and cenobitic monasticism. What place holds liturgy in the Carthusian nun's life? - What kind of life does the postulant lead? - It is and it has been so since the very beginnings of the Order. There are three variations of Carthusian women of God: Cloister Nuns, Converse Nuns, and Donate Sisters. This is the secret of a purely contemplative life: to live for God only, to have no other desire but God, know nothing but God and posses nothing but God. The monastic life. - Isn't this too demanding for a simple novice? - The much desired moment of his definitive consecration comes at last. How many did desire it, how many fighted for it and yet did not obtained it! - Converse nuns lead an authentic solitary life, and, besides prayer and study, devote a large part of their time to work in the monastery outside their cells. Besides we meet at a weekly walk that we call spatiament, and all this gives our eremitic life a familiar, human and evangelic atmosphere that helps us to maintain a healthy equilibrium. The nuns have never been numerous. - And how do you actually live this 'family' aspect? A small time for prayer follows just before conventual Mass. - All right... and at what time do they get up again? The only Carthusian monastery in the United States is the Charterhouse of the Transfiguration, located in Vermont. -- Which are your requirements with respect to health? Christ makes them participants in his death and resurrection. - Yes, exterior solitude creates the propitious atmosphere for a more perfect solitude to be developed, the interior solitude. Vatican Council II has stated clearly that the duty of contemplatives is: "to devote themselves exclusively to God in solitude and silence... no matter how pressing the needs for active apostolate might be" (Perfectae Caritatis, 7) Silence might very well be the preaching that today's world needs most. - The young profess stays within the Noviciate as just another novice. Right. This allowed them to concentrate on their religious life, without worldly cares. - Because, as very rightly our Statutes, say quoting Dom Guigues, fourth successor of Saint Bruno in the hermitage of Chartreuse, solitude is the most apt mean for union with God: The founding Fathers of our type of monastic life were followers of a star from the East, the example, namely, of those early Eastern monks, who, with the memory of the Blood shed by the Lord not long before still burning within them, thronged to the deserts to lead lives of solitude and poverty of spirit. - It is a spiritual process through which memory, intellect and will progressively die to every interest and complacence for things. - Supper, or a collation on fast days, takes place at six. - Not quite yet. In this period, supper is reduced to soup, salad, bread and dry fruits. - Yes. - Probably. So they went and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day. - Carthusian nuns wish to live as the "new man" that Holy Scriptures demand. On the days that we don't fast, supper consists in soup, one egg and some fruit. - I think that this whole process could be summed up in a word that was well beloved by Saint Bruno and by the first Carthusians: "quies", that is to say, stillness or spiritual peacefulness. USA carthusians_in_america@chartreuse.info BRASIL 1. Considered separately with no relationship to their goal, those uses and observances would be impossible to understand and would be nothing but a collection of odd practices. - Our whole legislation on silence and solitude is just the literal side of our observances. - ... Increasingly deeper solitudes and silences? - At noon, after the Hour of Sexte prayer, there is lunch that each one eats alone in the cell, except on Sundays and festivities. She learns the liturgical ceremonies. Breakfast is reduced to a warm drink and a little bit of bread. - Which is the word that is more frequently repeated in Carthusian life? The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St. Bruno, is a Roman Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics.The order was founded by Saint Bruno of Cologne in 1084 and includes both monks and nuns. - She works to increase his knowledge of the spiritual life with special emphasis in the study of liturgy and Carthusian observances. The information below is from a Carthusian vocational brochure (except the photos). Now she has to live that consecration day by day. It is only when the Carthusian nun discovers, bathed in admiration, that only God satisfies her, that she begins to really be a true contemplative nun. This piece is called "cubiculum". - Cells are located in the great cloister which is a long corridor in a quadrilateral shape usually. - Then.... not all characters have the same chances... - Some are better endowed by nature, but what really matters is the call of God. Since the establishment of the Carthusians in 1084 there have been more than 300 monastic foundations, and this list aims to be complete. In obedience to such a call, Master Bruno and six companions entered the desert of Chartreuse in the year of our Lord 1084 and settled there; under the guidance of the Holy … - Yes. Carthusian Nuns Carthusian Nuns. These photos illustrate the various aspects of this work. Cartuxa Nª Sª Medianeira Boca da Picada, s/n. Those who feel God as the supreme value will easily … Nuns may prolong their prayer or spiritual reading for one more hour although they are advised not to delay going to bed. Since then and until our present days, the Charterhouse is a one and only family integrated by a masculine branch and a feminine one. She should also trust the Master of Novices, who will indicate her a precise time-schedule so that the young novice can spend her day in an orderly and profitable way; she will also teach her to how to fight against discouragement temptations and to get used gradually to the peaceful listening of the heart and to let God enter in her interior. —In the Priorship of St. Anthelm, about 1245, the nuns of the ancient Abbey of Prebayon asked to be received into the order, and Blessed John of Spain, Prior of Montrieux, was ordered to adapt the Carthusian Rule to their needs. Cartuja San José X 5200 ZAA DEÁN FUNES (Córdoba) ARGENTINA KOREA 1. Beyond the care of worldly things; beyond even all human ideals and beyond their own perfection, Carthusian nuns search for God, live only for God, their bodies and souls devoted to praise God. - So far we have being talking about postulants, novices and professed nuns in general, but aren't there different ways of living the Carthusian charisma? - The young profess remains definitively bound to the charterhouse where she made his votes. Community life. - Matins or "Nocturn Vigil" are a foremost part of our communitarian liturgy. - On this topic as on many others there are the strangest ideas. As of March 2020[update] there are 23 extant charterhouses, 18 for monks and 5 for nuns, indicated by bold type. Be certain, my brothers, that anyone who has finally lost this coveted benefit after having tasted it, will lament it all his lifetime". - If somebody undertook the task of looking for the most frequently used words in the pages of our Statutes, we think that those words would be "solitude" and "silence". - At eight we get together in church to celebrate conventual Mass. - What is then the contemplative life for Carthusian nuns? - And what kind of life does she lead there? The purpose of Carthusian life was total withdrawal from the world to serve God by personal devotion and privation. - Once in church, with the books set on the lecterns, lights are turn out and there is a profound silence. Psalms and readings from the Scriptures or the Holy Fathers follow each other. - A mystery akin to the mystery of God, in whose greatness and incompressibility they participates somehow. Other hermitages were founded in imitation of the one at Chartreuse. 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