In the 16–17 century a significant number of Sephardic Jews settled along with a smaller Armenian community from Galicia. The Plovdiv Drama Theatre[122] is a successor of the first professional theatre group in Bulgaria founded in 1881. Image of street, culture, tourism - 159939699 There are seven indoor sports halls: Kolodruma, University Hall, Olimpia, Lokomotiv, Dunav, Stroitel, Chaika, Akademik, and Total Sport. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Plovdiv has a large public transport system[143] including around 29 main and 10 extra bus lines. [124] The Trakiya Traditional Choir was nominated for a Grammy Award. There are several more modern Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and other Protestant churches, as well as older style Apostolic churches. Philippoúpolis, lit. After the Romans, the city was passed between the Bulgarian, Ottoman and Byzantine empires, and it is now the second-largest city in Bulgaria. After the unification, Plovdiv remained the second most populous city in Bulgaria after the capital Sofia. [133], Source: The National Statistical Institute[132]. Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 The orchestra has toured in almost all of the European countries. It lies on the important national route from Sofia to Burgas via Stara Zagora. Burgas has a population of 200,271 and is located on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast in the Burgas Bay. Things to Do in Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria: Dzhumaya Mosque. [11] Общински план за развитие на Пловдив 2005 – 2013 г. An exquisite Venetian glass chandelier hangs from the center of the ceiling, which has a richly painted dome. In 1344 the city and eight other cities were surrendered to Bulgaria by the regency for John V Palaiologos as the price for Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria's support in the Byzantine civil war of 1341–47. On 11 May 1858, the day of Saints Cyril and Methodius was celebrated for the first time; this later became a National holiday which is still celebrated today (but on 24 May due to Bulgaria's 1916 transition from the Old Style (Julian) to the New Style (Gregorian) calendar). Retrieved on 17 September 2010", "Население към 01.02.2011 година в област Пловдив", Bulgarian National Statistical Institute – Bulgarian towns in 2009, Demographic Features of Ottoman Upper Thrace: A Case Study On Filibe, Tatar Pazarcik and Stanımaka (1472–1614). Stolipinovo in Plovdiv is the largest Roma neighbourhood in the Balkans, having a population of around 20,000 alone; further Roma ghettos are Hadji Hassan Mahala and Sheker Mahala. [72] After the Liberation, the Bulgarian painter of Czech origin Ivan Mrkvička came to work in the city. It has been used for a number of festivals and art events, attracting visitors from all over Bulgaria and the world. The three sections "Prehistory",[114] "Antiquity",[115] and "Middle Ages"[116] contain precious artifacts from the Paleolithic to the early Ottoman period (15th–16th centuries). Language Bulgarian; Currency Leva (BGL) Capital City Sofia; Timezone GMT + 2 hours; Find out more ; Things to do. Autumn starts in late September; days are long and relatively warm in early autumn. This city is one of the oldest ones in the whole world and is known with many ancient names. Ivanko was appointed as the governor of the Byzantine Theme of Philippopolis in 1196, but between 1198 and 1200 separated it from Byzantium in a union with Bulgaria. Today, the majority of Bulgaria's population lives in cities. The economy of Plovdiv has long tradition in manufacturing, commerce, transport, communications, and tourism. Bulgaria Country: Bulgaria Continent: Europe Category: countries Cities in Bulgaria. Ruse is Bulgaria’s fifth largest city. The Evmolpeya choir is another girls' choir from Plovdiv, whose establishing patron, Ivan Chomakov, became the then mayor in 2006. Photo about PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - JULY 02, 2019: Panoramic view of the second largest city in Bulgaria. [111], The Eirene Residence is in the southern part of the Three Hills on the northern part of an ancient street in the Archeological underpass. Plovdiv is the administrative center of Plovdiv , Municipality Plovdiv, Maritsa Municipality and Municipality Rodopi . Plovdiv has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with considerable humid continental influences. Population, 260,000 (1973). The second-largest city in Bulgaria, Plovdiv was originally a Tracian settlement before becoming a major Roman city. [113] In 1928 the museum was moved to a 19th-century edifice on Saedinenie Square built by Plovdiv architect Josef Schnitter. It has an area of 11 hectares and was surrounded by shops and public buildings. Total number of cities: 78. During this time, it has been under Bulgarian, Byzantine, Ottoman, and Communist rule. The biggest debts are piled up in major cities and in the northwestern Bulgaria. Plovdiv served as a sanjak centre within Rumelia between 1443 and 1593, the sanjak centre in Silistra Eyalet between 1593 and 1826, the sanjak centre in Eyalet of Adrianople between 1826 and 1867, and the sanjak centre of Edirne Vilayet between 1867 and 1878. The city was part of the, Basil II based his army in Philippopolis during the war with, The city was conquered by the crusader army of, Philippopolis was conquered and raided by the, Phillipopolis was conquered by the Ottomans. In the spring of 1885, Zahari Stoyanov formed the Secret Bulgarian Central Revolutionary Committee in the city which actively conducted propaganda for the unification of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia. The wettest months of the year are May and June, with an average precipitation of 66.2 mm (2.61 in), and the driest month is August, with an average precipitation of 31 mm (1.22 in). Photo about Famous city in Bulgaria Plovdiv - with the acient greek and Roman architecture. Second largest city in Bulgaria. Being the second largest Bulgarian city, Plovdiv is perhaps one of the most striking and the favorite, even for natives themselves. You can use it to look for nearby towns and suburbs if you live in a metropolis area, or you can search for cities near another city, or … Trakia Economic Zone which is one of the largest industrial zones in Eastern Europe, is located around Plovdiv. When in Veliko Tarnovo, visit Tsarevets – the fortress with ramparts, the king’s castle, and the church on the top of the hill. Provinces. In 1885, Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia joined Bulgaria. [71][72] According to other data, Plovdiv was not an Ottoman possession until the Battle of Maritsa in 1371, after which, the citizens and the Bulgarian army fled leaving the city without resistance. Although, the biggest economic contributor is the LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas oil refinery, which is the largest in southeastern Europe. The Archaeological Museum was established in 1882 as the People's Museum of Eastern Rumelia. The rivalry between them is considered to be even more fierce than the one between Levski and CSKA of Sofia. The Museum of Natural Science was inaugurated in 1955 in the old edifice of the Plovdiv Municipality built in 1880. [47] In 183 BCE, Philip V of Macedon conquered the city, but shortly after, the Thracians re-conquered it. Search. Train Hit the Rocks Near Plovdiv - the Second-Largest city in Bulgaria. Many events are still held on the scene[108] including the Opera Festival Opera Open, the Rock Festival Sounds of the Ages, and the International Folklore festival. It shares borders with the Black Sea, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Turkey, and Greece. The second lockdown, imposed in the country just a month ago resulted in a … According to these terms Bulgaria was divided in three parts - Principality of Bulgaria with Sofia as a capital; vassal to the sultan Eastern Rumelia Province with Plovdiv as a capital; and Macedonia, which was returned outright to Turkey. Despite being unknown by many people, Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and the oldest population in Europe, with more than six thousand years of history, Plovdiv was a Neolithic settlement with four thousand years before Christ. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia. On 5 September, several hundred armed rebels from Golyamo Konare (now Saedinenie) marched to Plovdiv. The people of Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria, emphasize the philosophy of “aylyak,” which translates to idleness or dawdling, but in reality embodies the idea that taking your time and savoring the moment is a valid and desirable way of life. In British English the Bulgarian variant Plòvdiv has become prevalent after World War I. This city has been continuously inhabited since the 6th Century BC. The economy of this city is based on tobacco production, food processing, textiles and brewing. Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. Primary sources are the National Statistical Institute (NSI) and the Bulgarian Academy of … Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 On 6 April 1956 the first trolleybus line was opened and in the 1950s the Trimontsium Hotel was constructed. The city of Iași is regarded as the cultural capital of Romania, and has a population of 362,142, making it the second-largest city in the country. [147], The 2009 International Olympiad in Informatics (IOI) was held at the University of Plovdiv "Paisiy Hilendarski", between 8 and 15 August 2009. [citation needed] Philippopolis was captured by the Byzantines in 969, shortly before it was sacked by the ruler of Rus' Sviatoslav I of Kiev who impaled 20,000 citizens. Explore. Bulgaria: Major Cities. Those include Shopping Center Grand,[134] Market Center,[135] and two more all on the Kapitan Raycho Street,[135] Forum in Trakiya, Excelsior, and others. [55], In 250 the city was captured and looted after the Battle of Philippopolis by the Goths, led by their ruler Cniva. It lies along the Maritsa River and is situated amid six hills that rise from the … The Odrysian capital Odryssa (Greek: ΟΔΡΥΣΣΑ, Latin: ODRYFA) is suggested to have been modern Plovdiv by numismatic research[9][10] or Odrin. [44] The town became part of the Odrysian kingdom (460 BCE – 46 CE), a Thracian tribal union. Since 1981, it has had a section for Mexican art donated by Mexican painters in honour of the 1,300-year anniversary of the Bulgarian State. The exhibition is situated in three buildings. [144] Six bridges span the Maritsa river including a railway bridge and a covered bridge. The northern Bulgaria city of Vidin was the worst in exceeding fine particular matter standards, surpassing them for 91 days or 42 per cent of the heating season, independent group said in its annual report.