Being beautiful and adaptable, they’re a common choice for an indoor plant. WATER FERN – Common name for Ceratopteris, a genus of small tropical and subtropical ferns, with inflated fronds, suitable only for expert greenhouse cultivation. Common Name: Northern Maidenhair,American Maidenhair Fern: Family: Polypodiaceae: USDA hardiness : 4-9: Known Hazards: Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[200]. Family: Pteridaceae. Common Name: Evergreen Maidenhair Fern: Family: Polypodiaceae: USDA hardiness: 9-11: Known Hazards: Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[200]. Native to Europe and North America, the maidenhair fern is a type of perennial whose fronds grow to about a foot long. Scientific names. Description: Finely foliaged, evergreen plants, that can grow to 1 metre in height (about 3′) but are more commonly smaller growing. In Australia it is found near by creeks or in open forest, where it may form a large colony. Scientific Name Pronounciation: (ad-ee-AN-tum ped-AH-tum) Plant Type: Fern. -- Adiantum Raddianum (botanical/scientific). Rough Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum hispidulum), Adiantum cunninghamii showing characteristic inrolled leaf margin containing sori, Media related to Adiantum at Wikimedia Commons, This article is about the plant. Flowering: No . A deciduous, clumping fern native to temperate and tropical regions worldwide. The scientific name of Maidenhair Fern is the botanical name or formal name. Many species are especially known for growing on rock walls around waterfalls and water seepage areas. Les noms communs composés font l'objet, en tant que de besoin, d'une double entrée, par exemple " maidenhair fern" et "fern ( maidenhair )". Soil Type: Very moist to wet . Description: Rhizome creeping, much branched, covered with papery scales. Species native to North America include A. pedatum (five-fingered fern) and the closely related A. aleuticum, which are distinctive in having a bifurcating frond that radiates pinnae on one side only. Propagation is from plant division or by spores. Other common names Delta maidenhair fern . It is suitable for terrariums and hanging baskets. This fern lives near the rivers and bogs with acidic soil, particularly in Asia, Europe, and Africa. Maidenhair Fern is the common name for this beautiful little fern. Genus. The sori are borne submarginally, and are covered by reflexed flaps of leaf tissue which resemble indusia. They are divided into two or three and have many small wedge-shaped segments, each of which has sori along its margins underneath. Common name: Northern maidenhair fern, five-fingered fern. The plant is little used in modern herbalism. Common Name(s): Common Maidenhair; Northern Maidenhair; Northern Maidenhair Fern; Previously known as: Adiantum pedatum; Phonetic Spelling ae-dee-AN-tum peh-DAY-tum Description. Botanical Name: Adiantium capillus-veneris Common Name(s): Black Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Southern Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern Description: 'Maidenhair Fern' actually refers to the genus Adiantum, which has over 250 species. Interpreting Wetland Status. Common names; Herb: Maidenhair Fern Latin name: Adiantum capillus-veneris Family: Polypodiaceae (Polypody Fern Family) Medicinal use of Maidenhair Fern: The maidenhair fern has a long history of medicinal use and was the main ingredient of a popular cough syrup called "Capillaire", which remained in use until the nineteenth century. Type: Fern Family: Pteridaceae Native Range: Temperate and tropical regions worldwide ... Adiantum capillus-veneris, commonly called southern maidenhair fern, is a deciduous, clumping fern with a drooping habit that grows to 12-18” tall and slowly spreads by short creeping rhizomes. In the Cape Peninsula it is uncommon and grows mainly at the highest locally available altitudes, generally about 600–1,085 m (2,000–3,600 ft). Alpine water fern (Austroblechnum penna-marina) American royal fern (Osmunda regalis var. The minimum is 55ºF (13ºC). The rhizomes are wiry and branched. Common names are from state and federal lists. In South Africa the species occurs widely, though not generally profusely, mainly on moist sandstone cliffs in full shade. They are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often black stipes and rachises, and bright green, often delicately cut leaf tissue. A. venustum is also cold-hardy to zone 5. The common name of “maidenhair” stems from the fact that the fern has the ability to produce a type of oil that can be used in making shampoo. Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. Common Name: maidenhair fern . Adiantum aethiopicum, also known as the common maidenhair fern, is a small fern of widespread distribution, occurring in Africa, Australia, Norfolk Island and New Zealand. Adiantaceae. These spores grow into small heart-shaped plants called gametophytes, that possess both male and female reproductive organs. Common name: common maidenhair. Fairly high diversity also occurs in eastern Asia, with nearly 40 species in China. Endangered. Royal fern’s sterile fronds grow in flower-like spreads, which can reach 12 to 16 inches (30-40 cm) broad. W. Flower: None. southern maidenhair-fern. You can also find it under the name five-fingered fern. Lifespan: Perennial. Reproduction: Northern Maidenhair Ferns reproduce via spores, rather than seeds, and require water to fertilize themselves. A. jordanii (California Maidenhair) is native to the west coast. Adiantum species grow around the world, from Asia, to the Andes Mountains of South America, to the California coast. Cundall. P., (2008) Native Plants:The definitive guide to Australian plants, Global Book Publishing Lane Cove, N.S.W, page 278, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adiantum_aethiopicum&oldid=996271187, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 15:23. For the cipher, see, "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adiantum&oldid=996427356, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 15:18. [1], Adiantum aethiopicum was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus, in this case in his Systema naturae in 1759. diseases of the chest. Maidenhair Fern Care. The cosmopolitan A. capillus-veneris (Venus-hair fern) has a native distribution that extends into the eastern continent. Type: Fern Family: Pteridaceae Native Range: North America, Asia ... commonly called northern maidenhair fern, is a deciduous, clump-forming, Missouri native fern which typically grows 1.5 to 2' tall and is most frequently found on rich wooded slopes, ravine bottoms and damp shady woods. Common Name: Northern maidenhair fern . The leaves are not typically elongated but are rounded, toothed, and fan-shaped and covered with hairs at the base. Subordinate Taxa. Family. Moist humid air, warm temperatures and bright, indirect light are requirements for the Adiantum Fern and it is best suited for growing in a terrarium or a naturally humid room. Adiantum L. – maidenhair fern. [6], The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia’ records that "This plant is said to possess medicinal properties, being [5], Adiantum aethiopicum grows in spreading clumps of fronds from 10 to 45 cm (4 to 18 in) in height. Names: Delta Maidenhair Nest Fern (common). Ferns by Common Name. "[7], Adiantum aethiopicum is a popular and well known ornamental plant. There is a rich Adiantum flora in New Zealand with 3 endemic species (A. cunninghamii, A. viridescens and A. fulvum) in a total of 10 recorded species. Genus Adiantum can be deciduous or evergreen ferns with shiny black stalks bearing simple or more usually pinnately divided fronds, the segments fan-shaped, oblong or rounded, carrying spores under reflexed marginal flaps In the past, these stems were used as a dye. Adiantum aethiopicum. Northern maidenhair fern is a deciduous, clump-forming, native fern which typically grows 1' to 2' tall and is most frequently found on rich wooded slopes, ravine bottoms, and damp shady woods. L. Adiantum capillus-veneris, the Southern maidenhair fern, black maidenhair fern, maidenhair fern, and venus hair fern, is a species of ferns in the genus Adiantum and the family Pteridaceae with a subcosmopolitan worldwide distribution. Dimorphism between sterile and fertile fronds is generally subtle. Phonetic Spelling ae-dee-AN-tum ca-PILL-us VEN-er-iss Description. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Max Growth (approx): Height 1.5ft. Sunlight: Full to part shade . Wetland Status. However, if Adiantum raddianum, and possibly a few other species, are removed, the remaining plants (genus type: Adiantum capillus-veneris) are then monophyletic. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Threatened. [2] The specific epithet aethiopicum in this sense was the Latin term for Africa south of the then known world, that is to say, more or less Africa south of Egypt. They are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often black stipes and rachises, and bright green, often delicately cut leaf tissue. Leaf: Deciduous; black stems; horseshoe-shaped frond with 3-5 finger-like divisions; forms clumps. It also produces brown, hairy rhizomes, slender roots, and erect stems that can grow to a height of ten inches. Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family. The genus name comes from Greek, meaning "unwetted", referring to the fronds' ability to shed water without becoming wet. Distribution and habitat [ edit ] Adiantum aleuticum is native mainly to western North America from the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, south to Chihuahua, and also locally in northeastern North America from Newfoundland south to … American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Adiantum . [3], A common plant, often seen growing in moist areas. Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family Genus: Adiantum L. – maidenhair fern Species: Adiantum pedatum L. – northern maidenhair Fruit: None, reproduces by spores. Kentucky. Dimorphism between sterile and fertile fronds is generally subtle. The triangular fronds are semi-erect in the beginning then droop gracefully as they age and can be up to 12 inches (30 cm) long by 6 inches (15 cm) wide.. Common Maidenhair, Small Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair. Adiantum aethiopicum, also known as the common maidenhair fern, is a small fern of widespread distribution, occurring in Africa, Australia, Norfolk Island and New Zealand. Synonyms Adiantum rubellum Adiantum cuneatum. This is because of the finger-like fronds that grow on brown to black stems. It is now known that this genus is paraphyletic, and that the vittarioid ferns are derived from this larger paraphyletic genus. They generally prefer humus-rich, moist, well-drained sites, ranging from bottomland soils to vertical rock walls. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Hortensia. One of the most iconic images to the Pacific Northwest is the lush foliage of ferns growing in the shady understory of a verdant forest. Light: A place with indirect sun is best suited for this fern. Common Name: Maidenhair fern. Common names. Adiantum aethiopicum L. APNI*. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. 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